This Way Lies Madness: The Summer of Hate Meets the Age of Intolerance

In fact, the end result is quite the opposite. For every store burned or statute toppled the heat of hatred goes up another 100 degrees.

I just bought one of the last 6 Irish Republican Army Handbooks at Amazon. There are 5 left if you hurry. — jtl, 419

Land & Livestock International, Inc.

What is the end sum of all these actions?… What started as a movement to denounce police brutality in the wake of George Floyd’s death at the hands of killer cops has become a free-for-all campaign to rid the country of any monument, literal or figurative, to anyone who may have at any time in history expressed a racist thought, exhibited racist behavior, or existed within a racist society.

The police state has got us exactly where it wants us: distracted, distraught and divided… While protesters topple statues of men with racist pasts who are long dead, unarmed Americans continue to be killed by militarized police trained to shoot first and ask questions later… And while politically correct censorship is attempting to sanitize the public sphere of words and images that denigrate minorities, it is not doing anything to rid hearts and minds of racism.

Combat Shooter's HandbookReconnaissance Marine MCI 03.32f: Marine Corps InstituteThe Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other MisfitsIn fact, the end result…

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Song for the Day: WILLIE NELSON & MERLE HAGGARD – “Reasons To Quit & No Reason To Quit”

No comment! — lol — jtl, 419

Land & Livestock International, Inc.

No comment! — lol — jtl, 419

Buyer Assistance

Land and Livestock International, Inc. is in a position to assist the buyer in purchasing ranches anywhere in the Western United States and Northern Mexico. Pre – purchase services include help with due diligence, estimates of carrying capacity and potential for improvement, cash flow projections, etc. Post purchase services include everything from part time consulting to complete turn-key management.

We are not licensed real estate brokers nor are we licensed appraisers. We work only for the buyer for a negotiated fee.

Contact us at info@landandlivestockinternational.com or through our web site at www.landandlivestockinternational.com 

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The Essence of Liberty Volume III. Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic

A Condensed Version of: For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto

by Murray N. Rothbard

Compiled and Edited by Dr. Jimmy T. (Gunny) LaBaume

The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)Involuntary Servitude

“Liberty“ and “slavery” are polar opposites. Slavery is forcing people to work for nothing but subsistence or less than they would have voluntarily accepted.

Conscription

A draft means that youth are forced to register and carry their draft cards so, at the whelm of government, they can be seized and inducted into the armed forces. Upon induction, the draftee’s body and will no longer belong to him. He is forced to kill and to place his own life in jeopardy. How can there be a more blatant case of involuntary servitude?

The utilitarian argument that the government uses to support the draft is, “Who will defend us if we do not have a draft?” That is an illogical and invalid argument for several reasons.

First, if you and I think we need to be defended we have no moral right to coerce someone else into defending us. The inescapable sequitur to this argument is that the draftee owes his life to “society” or “his country” Well, if so, exactly who is this “society” or “country.” It is simply all individuals in the territory except the ones being conscripted. There is no such thing as “society” in and of itself. There are only groups of individuals interacting with each other. When the individuals disappear, there is no ghost like creature remaining that could be called “society.” This mythical abstraction is used simply to conceal the coercion.

Second, why is it necessary to conscript defenders? No one is conscripted on the free market, yet people manage to obtain every conceivable good or service. People are hired every day to perform dangerous services (fire fighters, underwater welders, etc). Why can’t soldiers be hired in the same way? Government employs thousands of people from truck drivers to scientists. Why is there no “shortage?” Even within the army itself there is no “shortage” of officers—no one has ever had to conscript generals. The answer is because the government hires them at the market wage. There is a shortage of buck privates because their pay is severely below the market wage. The way the market induces people to volunteer for hazardous jobs is to pay them extra.

Drafting doctors at ages far beyond anyone else is a special disgrace. What is the moral justification for penalizing those who choose to enter the vital health care industry? Is that any way to cure the shortage of doctors? Again, the armed forces’ need for doctors could easily be satisfied simply by paying them the market salary. If the government wants to hire nuclear physicists, it doesn’t draft them. It hires them at extremely handsome salaries.

The Army

Conscription is a form of involuntary servitude and there is also another—the structure of the army itself. In what other occupation are there penalties (including prison and execution) for quitting employment?

The concept of “term of service” is part of the problem. Suppose an engineer contracts with an oil company to serve for three years in Saudi Arabia but quits before the end of the 3-year term. Perhaps this exhibits a moral fault or a breach of a moral obligation but, although he did make a promise of future work, his body continues to be owned by himself alone. He might be morally criticized, perhaps blacklisted by other oil companies and forced to return any advance pay, but he will not be enslaved.

Why should the army be any different? The man who fails to complete his “term of service” will surely lose his pension rights. He may be morally criticized and might even be blacklisted from similar occupations. But he should not be enslaved.

A common protest to such a suggestion is that the armed forces are a uniquely important occupation that needs this sort of coercive sanction. However, we can see the fallacy of that by considering a comparable occupation in civilian life—the police. Every year people join and quit without any coercive attempt to bind his or her labor. Let the armed forces operate that same way.

It seems that many Americans have forgotten one of strongest elements of their heritage—fierce opposition to any suggestion of a “standing army.” As the founding fathers knew very well, a permanent army can only lead to the aggrandizement of the State and constantly poses a standing threat to liberty. Of course, any tax-supported institution is coercive, but an army is uniquely menacing because of its possession of the massive power of modern weaponry.

Anti-Strike Laws

In 1971 Richard Nixon obtained an injunction forcing the suspension of a dock strike and the head of the New York City teachers’ union went to jail for defying a law prohibiting public employees from striking. Although it may be convenient for the public to be spared such disruptions, the “solution” was forced labor for which there is no moral excuse.

Strikers assert that somehow, in some metaphysical way, they still “own” their jobs and are entitled to return to them once the dispute is settled. The simple remedy for this self-contradiction is not to pass laws outlawing strikes. The remedy is to remove the body of law that bestows special governmental privileges on labor unions.

Current labor law prohibits the courts from issuing injunctions in cases of imminent union violence and compels employers to bargain “in good faith” with any union that wins the votes of a (arbitrarily defined) work unit. It also prohibits employers from discriminating against union organizers. If these special privileges and immunities were taken away, labor unions would sink back to their previous negligible role in the economy.

Characteristically, the government has not repealed (and likely will not repeal) any of the union’s special privileges. Instead, it has placed special restrictions upon the unions. This may seem contradictory but, once one realizes that the State’s natural tendency is to grow, it makes perfectly good sense. The contradiction serves two purposes: First, to aggrandize government power over labor relations and second, to foster unionism as a junior partner in the government’s role over the economy.

The Tax System

Taxation is involuntary servitude. All of us work a large part of the year for Uncle Sam and forced work for little or no pay is, by definition, slavery.

Withholding is the linchpin of the system. Without the relatively painless process of deducting the tax from the employee’s paycheck, the government could never hope to collect the high levels of tax from workers in one lump sum. But, this system adds still more involuntary servitude in that the employer is forced to expend time, labor, and money to act as the government’s unpaid tax collector. In the same way, retail sales, excise, and admission taxes compel the unpaid labor of the retailer in collecting and forwarding the taxes to the government.

Furthermore, filling out the tax form itself is forced work at no pay. It is also a clear violation of the 5 th Amendment prohibiting the government from forcing anyone to incriminate him or herself.

Finally, the high cost of tax collecting is disproportionately heavy upon the small employer.

The Courts

Compulsory labor predominates our legal and judicial system. In the first place, justice rests upon coerced testimony. In addition, in an attempt to weaken our 5th amendment protections, the law allows a prosecutor to offer immunity from prosecution in exchange for testimony. Furthermore, compelling the witness to accept this offer is compelling his/her testimony and, therefore is forced labor. It is also akin to kidnapping. First the person is forced to appear and then forced to give testimony.

In fact, subpoena power should be abolished completely. Even the accused should not be forced to appear because he/she has not yet been convicted and the idea of “innocent until proven guilty” is fundamental. The only exemption to the Thirteenth Amendment’s prohibition of involuntary servitude is “except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted.” So, the most any court should be allowed to do is to invite the defendant (or his lawyer) to appear. Then, if he/she chooses not to appear or send a representative, the trial would proceed in absentia.

A criminal loses his rights to the extent that he has aggressed upon the rights of another. However, the purpose of imprisonment and punishment will be different in a free society. There will be no “district attorney” to try a case on behalf of some nonexistent “society” and then punishes the criminal on that “society’s” behalf. The prosecutor will always represent the individual victim, and punishment will be exacted to the benefit of that victim—e.g. if convicted, the criminal will be force to make restitution to the victim. Historically, restitution was the dominant punishment. Only as the State has grown has it encroached more and more into the process, increasingly confiscating more of the criminals’ property for themselves and neglecting the hapless victim. And, as the emphasis shifted from restitution to punishment for abstract crimes “committed against the State,” the punishments exacted by the State upon the wrongdoer became more severe.

Several other practices common to the present system are also objectionable. One is the lengthy jail term imposed upon the defendant while awaiting trial. The right to a “speedy trial” was supposed to be a way of minimizing involuntary servitude before conviction. Except in cases where the criminal is caught red-handed, it is impossible to justify any imprisonment before conviction. In order to keep such a system honest, the police and the other authorities must be subject to the same law as everyone else. If the defendant turns out to be innocent, then the policeman who apprehended and arrested him and the authorities who incarcerated him before conviction should be subjected to the same penalties as anyone else who kidnaps and incarcerates an innocent man. Exempting them from laws that apply to everyone else gives them a legal license for continual aggression.

The granting of bail is a halfhearted attempt to ease the problem but it discriminates against the poor. Then there is the common rebuttal that the courts are clogged. But, this is no defense of the system. To the contrary, it is an excellent argument for the abolition of government courts. Furthermore, a judge who has excessive and little-checked power arbitrarily sets bail. This power is particularly menacing for contempt of court charges where the judge possesses unlimited power to act free from any rules of evidence and trial.

Then there is compulsory jury service. There is little difference between compulsory jury duty and conscription. Both are enslavement. Both pay at slave wages. Jurors are not only coerced into appearing but are sometimes locked behind closed doors for weeks. This amounts to little more than involuntary servitude for non-criminals.

Some are quick to point out that jury duty performs an important civic function. That is very true. But, the fact that it is so vital is what makes it important that people do it gladly and voluntarily.

Finally, lawyers write the laws. Therefore, it is not a coincidence that lawyers are exempt from jury service. Do we detect a certain amount of class privilege here?

Compulsory Commitment

In previous generations, involuntary hospitalization was a measure against mental patients used to remove them from society. But, under 20th century liberalism, it is more humane but more insidious—these unfortunates are now incarcerated “for their own good.” And, this humanitarian rhetoric has permitted more widespread use of the measure.

In recent years, Dr. Thomas S. Szasz, a psychiatrist, has conducted a crusade against compulsory involuntary commitment. One of his arguments is that it is a violation of medical ethics. Instead of serving the patient, the physician serves others (the family or the State). Furthermore, he points out that compulsory commitment and “therapy” are far more likely to aggravate “mental illness” than to cure it.

The guiding rationale is that the patient might be “dangerous to himself or to others.” The first grave flaw in this argument is that it is only someone’s judgment that such an act might take place. This obviously provides an open sesame for unlimited tyranny. Anyone might be locked up because someone thinks he might commit a crime. This could easily be used to justify permanent incarceration of anyone under suspicion. Furthermore, it is immoral and itself criminal, to coerce anyone who is not an overt and present (vs. suspected) criminal.

Szasz points out that “helping” people by imprisoning them is a religious concept in the same way that “saving” witches by torture and burning once was. And, as far as being “a danger to one’s self” is concerned, a man’s body and soul are his own, not the state’s.

Furthermore, the mentally ill person being a “danger to others” is pure fantasy. Statistical studies show that mental patients are much more law-abiding than the normal population. Eighty-five percent of all ex-convicts will commit more crimes. Ghetto residents and teen-age males are far more likely to commit a crime than the average member of the population. Mental patients are statistically less dangerous than the average guy. So, if we are really concerned about danger, then we should first lock up all former convicts, ghetto residents, and teen-age males.

What about criminals that supposedly escape the “brutality” of prison and instead receive medical care through insanity pleas? In the first place, it is grotesque to claim that incarceration in a state mental hospital is “more humane” than prison. To the contrary, despotism in a state mental hospital is likely more severe and the prisoner has far less recourse in defense of his rights. That is simply because the “mentally ill” are placed into the category of “non-person.”

Furthermore, we must question the entire notion of taking anyone out from under the rule of objective law. To do so is far more likely to be damaging than helpful to the people thus singled out. For example, what if the State psychiatrist never considers the person “cured?” In such a case, the simple crime of theft could bring about lifelong incarceration. Sentencing someone on the State’s judgment of his psyche or spirit of cooperation constitutes tyranny and dehumanization. It also encourages the prisoner into engaging in deceptive behavior to “fool” the authorities. To call compulsory commitment “therapy” or “rehabilitation” is mockery. Treating every prisoner in accordance with objective criminal law is far more principled and humane.

To be continued

A Handbook for Ranch Managers Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manual Combat Shooter's Handbook  Reconnaissance Marine MCI 03.32f: Marine Corps Institute The Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other Misfits 

The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)  The Essence of Liberty: Volume II: The Economics of Liberty (Volume 2) The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3) Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian View  

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The Essence of Liberty Volume I: Liberty and History chronicles the rise and fall of the noble experiment with constitutionally limited government. It features the ideas and opinions of some of the world’s foremost contemporary constitutional scholars. This is history that you were not taught at the mandatory government propaganda camps otherwise known as “public schools.” You will gain a clear understanding of how America’s decline and decay is really nothing new and how it began almost immediately with the constitution. Available in both paperback and Kindle versions.

You might be interested in the other two volumes of this three volume set: The Essence of Liberty Volume II: The Economics of Liberty and The Essence of Liberty Volume III: Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic. 

 

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Inequality is Overstated—and Overrated

A quick lesson in economics. To produce anything requires four factors of production–land, labor, capital and entrepreneurship.

America traditionally had the the most productive (measured in output per man hour) and highest paid workers (labor) on earth. Why? Simply because they had the best tools (capital) to work with.

So you union cry babies need to quit whining. — jtl, 419

Land & Livestock International, Inc.

Understanding the flaws in the wealth inequality argument is increasingly important, because the communist wing of the Democratic Party is now openly advocating a wealth tax. In this article I will explain why measures of wealth inequality overstate actual inequality in terms of the standard of living of wealthy people relative to the rest.
The Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other Misfits
A quick lesson in economics. To produce anything requires four factors of production–land, labor, capital and entrepreneurship. 

America traditionally had the the most productive (measured in output per man hour) and highest paid workers (labor) on earth. Why? Simply because they had the best tools (capital) to work with. 

So you union cry babies need to quit whining. — jtl, 419
by Robert Blumen via Mises Wire

Listen to the Audio Mises Wire version of this article.

The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1) The Essence of Liberty: Volume II: The Economics of Liberty (Volume 2) The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3) Whining and complaining about inequality is a growth industry. Thomas Piketty’s book (or perhaps a…

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Song for Today: Somewhere Down In Texas: George Strait

Remember the Alamo! (And Think Secession) — jtl, 419

Land & Livestock International, Inc.

Remember the Alamo! (And Think Secession) — jtl, 419

Options for Homeland Defense, Inc. (Protecting Liberty through Private Firearms Ownership)  

“Owning a handgun doesn’t make you armed any more than owning a guitar makes you a musician.” – Jeff Cooper

Call for a pizza, a cop, and an ambulance and see which one arrives first.

In Warren v. District of Columbia the court ruled, and the Supreme Court upheld, that “(T)he desire for condemnation cannot satisfy the need for a special relationship out of which a duty to specify persons arises.” Because the complaint did not allege a relationship “beyond that found in general police responses to crimes,” the court affirmed the dismissal of the complaint for failure to state a claim.

The bottom line is that your local police are not legally obligated to protect you, the average citizen. In addition to the Warren case, there are hundreds…

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The Essence of Liberty Volume III. Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic

A Condensed Version of: For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto

by Murray N. Rothbard

Compiled and Edited by Dr. Jimmy T. (Gunny) LaBaume

Part II: Libertarian Applications to Current Problems

The Problems

The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)In this chapter, Rothbard looks briefly at contemporary social problems and establishes a single “red thread” that runs through all of them.

High taxes on all levels (federal, state and local) are destroying productivity, incentive, and thrift. Obviously, taxation is the exclusive monopoly of government because it is the only entity that can acquire its income by coercion.

Urban fiscal crisis. States, counties and cities are struggling to pay their public debt. Urban governments are spending more than the high taxes they extract from their subjects. So, once again, government must bear the blame.

Vietnam and other foreign interventions have been total disasters. Vietnam called the rest of America’s interventionist foreign policy into question. And again, foreign policy is the exclusive monopoly of the federal government and the armed forces are a compulsory monopoly of that same government. (Editor’s Note: As this is written, history is repeating itself in Iraq and Afghanistan.)

Crime in the streets. By definition, the streets are owned, almost exclusively, by government. Furthermore, the police and the courts are also a coercive monopoly of the government. In other words, government is in charge of every single phase of the crime-in-the-streets problem. So, there is no question as to where the blame for failure lies.

Traffic congestion occurs only on government-owned streets and roads.

The military-industrial complex is a creation of the federal government. It spends countless billions on overkill weaponry. It hands out contracts and subsidizes inefficiency through cost-plus guarantees. It builds plants and leases or gives them to contractors. Such a wasteful misallocation of resources can only exist through government.

The Transportation crisis involves congested streets, decaying railroads, overpriced airlines, airport congestion, and deficit suffering subways heading toward collapse. Railroads were overbuilt due to government subsidies and are the most regulated industry for the longest time in American history. Airlines are cartelized by the Civil Aeronautics Board and subsidized by regulation, mail contracts, and virtually free airports which are all owned by government, largely local. Furthermore, subways are government-owned. So the red-thread continues.

River pollution. Rivers are un-owned in that they are a part of the “public domain.” Also, municipal sewage disposal systems are, by far, the biggest culprits in water pollution. So, government is, simultaneously, the largest polluter and the most careless “owner.”

Water shortages are chronic in some areas of the country. Why? Government is essentially the only commercial supplier of water. Due to the idea of “public domain,” government owns the rivers from which much of the water comes as well as the reservoirs and water conduits.

Air pollution. Again due to the idea of public domain, the government “owns” the air. Furthermore, the courts (also owned by the government) have failed to protect property rights from industrial pollution. In addition, a great deal of the pollution comes directly from government-owned plants.

Power shortages and blackouts. Governments create compulsory monopolies in gas and electric power and grant these privileges to private utility companies. These companies are then government regulated and have their rates set by government at a level that will insure them a profit. It is government that is the source of the monopoly and the regulation.

Telephone service comes from a utility which receives a compulsory monopoly privilege from government. Its rates are set by government to guarantee a profit and no one is allowed to compete with the monopoly. (Editor’s Note: Keep in mind that Rothbard was writing in the 1970s. The current explosion in telecommunications technology is testimony to what removal [or even an easing] of government regulation can do for an industry.)

The Postal service (a compulsory monopoly of government) has, over the years, steadily increased its prices and lowered its quality. First-class mail users are forced to subsidize businesses using second- and third-class services. Any time private firms are allowed to compete, they always provide better service at a lower price.

Television only offers bland programs and distorted news. The airwaves have been nationalized for years (since the Federal Communications Commission [FCC] came into existence). The FCC grants portions of the airwaves as a gift to privileged licensees. These are gifts that can, and are, withdrawn when a station displeases the government. Is there any such thing as a genuine freedom of speech or of the press under such conditions? Of course not!

The Welfare system is, naturally, an exclusive province of government—mainly state and local.

Urban housing is one of most obvious urban failures. Urban planning, zoning laws, property taxes, building codes, urban renewal, extensive government loans, rent controls—all of these sources of gross distortion of the free market are the exclusive domain of government.

Union strikes and restrictions, with the power to cripple the economy, result from special privileges afforded by the government. Labor law forces employers to bargain with unions that attain a “bargaining unit”—a term the government arbitrarily defines.

Education. Even its supporters do not have the gall to maintain that public schools actually teach much of anything. As the name implies, public schools are owned and operated by state and local government with a great deal of help from the federal level. They are backed by compulsory attendance laws which force children to attend either public schools or private schools certified by government. Also, higher education is closely intertwined with government. Not only are many universities owned outright by government, even the so-called “private” ones are systematically bought off with grants, subsidies, and contracts.

The root cause of inflation and stagflation (inflation accompanied by high unemployment and persisting through recessions) is a continuous expansion of the money supply—a compulsory monopoly of the federal government.

Watergate resulted in a total de-sanctifying of the President and previously sacrosanct federal institutions. Invasions of property, police state methods, deception of the public, corruption, and systemic commissions of crime has led to a widespread lack of trust in all politicians and government officials. Watergate— a purely and totally governmental phenomenon, shattered faith and trust in government. (Editor’s Note: Once again, how soon we forget.)

So, the “red thread” uniting all of the critical problem areas of society is government.

(Editor’s Note: And now, 30 plus years after Rothbard wrote this, little has changed except for the worse.)

To be continued

A Handbook for Ranch Managers Planned Grazing: A Study Guide and Reference Manual Combat Shooter's Handbook  Reconnaissance Marine MCI 03.32f: Marine Corps Institute The Betrayed: On Warriors, Cowboys and Other Misfits 

The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)  The Essence of Liberty: Volume II: The Economics of Liberty (Volume 2) The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3) Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian View  

FOLLOW LAND & LIVESTOCK INTERNATIONAL ON FACEBOOK

Check out our WebSite

The Essence of Liberty Volume I: Liberty and History chronicles the rise and fall of the noble experiment with constitutionally limited government. It features the ideas and opinions of some of the world’s foremost contemporary constitutional scholars. This is history that you were not taught at the mandatory government propaganda camps otherwise known as “public schools.” You will gain a clear understanding of how America’s decline and decay is really nothing new and how it began almost immediately with the constitution. Available in both paperback and Kindle versions.

You might be interested in the other two volumes of this three volume set: The Essence of Liberty Volume II: The Economics of Liberty and The Essence of Liberty Volume III: Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic. 

 

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Beware This Evil “Covid-19” Phase 2 Plot: Remember, We Are All Disposable Units in the Eyes of the State

Albert Jay Nock hit the nail on the head with his book “Our Enemy the State.” Indeed, The State is the gravest enemy of the people. Yours for freedom in our lifetimes. — jtl, 419

Land & Livestock International, Inc.

Requirements of this system include and demand obedience to the state. As was seen early on, most every single American did exactly as the political class, the “health” ministers, and the enforcement arm of government instructed them to do. Without this compliance by the sheep, no shutdowns could ever have taken place, and no business closings or job losses would have been evident. Can any imagine the difference this would have made? First, it would have exposed that there was never any virus threat at all. The only threat was from government, and those that control government…

The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1) The Essence of Liberty: Volume II: The Economics of Liberty (Volume 2) The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3) Albert Jay Nock hit the nail on the head with his book “Our Enemy the State.” Indeed, The State is the gravest enemy of the people. Yours for freedom in our lifetimes. — jtl, 419

by Gary D Barnett at Garydbarnett.com

By: Gary D. Barnett

“The welfare of the people…

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Song for Today: Faron Young – The Arms Of A Fool

Faron Young was one of the few who sounded as good or better live as on record. His was a great voice! — jtl, 419

Land & Livestock International, Inc.

Faron Young was one of the few who sounded as good or better live as on record. His was a great voice! — jtl, 419

Buyer Assistance

Land and Livestock International, Inc. is in a position to assist the buyer in purchasing ranches anywhere in the Western United States and Northern Mexico. Pre – purchase services include help with due diligence, estimates of carrying capacity and potential for improvement, cash flow projections, etc. Post purchase services include everything from part time consulting to complete turn-key management.

We are not licensed real estate brokers nor are we licensed appraisers. We work only for the buyer for a negotiated fee.

Contact us at info@landandlivestockinternational.com or through our web site at www.landandlivestockinternational.com 

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The Essence of Liberty Volume III. Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic

A Condensed Version of: For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto

by Murray N. Rothbard

Compiled and Edited by Dr. Jimmy T. (Gunny) LaBaume

The State and the Intellectuals

The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)If, by necessity, tax-consumers are a minority, how can compliance and acquiescence of the masses be insured?  The State’s rulers have always turned to society’s intellectuals for the answer to that question. The masses have always passively followed the ideas promulgated by these molders of societal opinion, which is precisely what the State needs. The intellectuals spread the idea that the State and its rulers are wise and good. In return, the State incorporates them into the ruling elite and grants them “power, status, prestige, and material security.”

Before the modern era, it was the priestly caste that filled this role for the State. “The State “established” the Church and conferred upon it power, prestige, and wealth extracted from its subjects. In return, the Church anointed the State with divine sanction…”

In the modern era, the intellectuals pose as scientific “experts” and convince the public that political affairs are just too complex for the average person to understand. Only the State and its “experts” can deal with such complex problems.

One of the most effective weapons the State and its intellectuals use to convince their subjects to accept their rule is the power of tradition. The longer the rule of any State lasts, the more powerful this weapon becomes. Worship of one’s ancestors is an apparent means for cultivating worship of one’s ancestral rulers.

Another powerful weapon is for the State to deprecate the individual and exalt the collective society. Furthermore, it will use ridicule to nip any new critical or potentially dangerous idea in the bud.

It is important for the State to make its rule seem inevitable so it will then be met with the passive resignation. One method it uses is to employ “historical determinism” so as to convince its subjects that nothing that any puny individuals can do will change the inevitable. Furthermore, it is important for the State to instill in its subjects an aversion to any “conspiracy theory of history” because that involves a search for motives and individual responsibility for the misdeeds of ruling elites. As long as the masses can be convinced that any tyranny is the result of mysterious “social forces,” they will see no point in rising up against the ruling elites. In relation, discrediting anything resembling “economic determinism” serves to render the masses more susceptible to believing the “general welfare” excuses that the State invariably puts forth for its aggressive actions. Thus, the rule of the State is made to seem inevitable.

Furthermore, the State induces terror or dread of the chaos that would “surely” follow if it should disappear. The people could not possibly protect themselves from the criminals and marauders that would certainly appear.

Furthermore, State has instilled fear among its subjects of other States. The basic tactics for accomplishing this is to identify itself with the territory it governs. Men naturally love their homeland. So if that land and its population can be identified with the State, the resulting natural patriotism will work to the State’s advantage. In this way, a war between rulers is converted into a war between peoples with both sides holding the mistaken belief that the rulers are dutifully defending them. This device of nationalism has been particularly successful in recent centuries. (Editor’s Note: And it continues to be successful today. “Our” boys are fighting for “our” freedom in Iraq and Afghanistan.)

Another technique employed by the State is the infusion of guilt. It attacks any increase in private well-being as “unconscionable greed” and mutually beneficial exchanges is denounced as “selfish.” The conclusion is always the same—more resources should be siphoned into the parasitic “public” sector. The State often admonishes its subjects to make “sacrifices” for the common good. But somehow those sacrifices are always one way.

Such arguments reflect a double standard of morality. One standard applies to State rulers while another applies to everyone else. No one is surprised that businessmen seek higher profits. But if anyone dare assert that politicians and bureaucrats are motivated by the desire to maximize their incomes, he is generally labeled as a “conspiracy theorist” or “economic determinist.” The general opinion is that men enter politics or government purely out of devoted concern for the common good. This is the general opinion because it is carefully cultivated by the State itself. To reveal politicians and bureaucrats subject to the same monetary motivations as everyone else would strip the emperor of his clothes of pretentious concern for the common good.

There are two types of arguments used by the State to “engineer consent.” The first is that rule is inevitable, necessary, and far better than any other alternative and the second is that the rulers are great, wise, and altruistic.

In modern times, the stress is not so much on divine approval as it is rule by “scientific experts.” Modern day use of scientific jargon permits intellectuals to weave apologia for the State that rivals priest-craft in deliberate obscurity. For example, a thief who justifies theft by saying that he is actually helping his victims by spending the stolen money would be hooted down. But, when this same theory is dressed up in Keynesian mathematical equations and the “multiplier effect,” it is effective in bamboozling the public.

So, it is clear why the State needs the intellectuals. But why do intellectuals need the State? The primary reason is that their livelihood in the free market would not be very secure. Generally, the masses are not interested in intellectual concerns. But the State offers a secure income and prestige.

This has been the dominant condition throughout the history of civilization. Wherever the State controls all property, everyone is economically dependent on it and it is therefore difficult for criticism to arise. However, not all intellectuals have been “court intellectuals” but critics have only been able to operate from an independent property base. Therefore, the exceptions have been mostly in Western civilization—e.g. with its independent sources of property and employment critics have been able to flourish only in the West.

With decentralized power and freedom, the economic development in Western Europe exceeded all previous civilizations. Furthermore, the Germanic (and especially the Celtic) tribes had a strong libertarian elements. Instead of through a State apparatus, disputes were solved by consulting tribal elders on customary and common law. Furthermore, there was no permanent war or military bureaucracy.

When a State did originate, it was not typically through voluntary “social contract.” Instead, it was by conquest of one tribe by another. At first, the conquerors killed, looted and rode on. But at some point in time they saw that it would be more profitable to settle down among the conquered in order to rule and loot them systematically and permanently.

Conquering chieftains distributed the land to various warlords who then collected feudal “rents” from the peasants. The conquered people were frequently enserfed to the land to provide a continuing source of labor to be exploited by the feudal lords. The periodic tribute they extracted came to be called “taxes.”

There are a few examples of the birth of a modern State through conquest. One is the Spanish conquest of the Indian peasantry in Latin America. Another is the new political form imposed upon the Saxons after they were conquest by the Normans in 1066. The most poignant creation of a State through conquest was the destruction of the society of ancient Ireland by England in the 17th century. The libertarian society of Ireland lasted a thousand years. It was able to resist conquest because of the absence of a State which could be conquered and then used to rule over the native population.

Throughout the history of the West, intellectuals have formulated theories that would check and limit State power. However, each State has used its own intellectuals to turn those ideas around into further legitimations of their own power. For example, the “divine right of kings” was originally promoted by the Church to limit State power. But, the kings were able to turn the concept into the notion that God put his stamp of approval on their actions. In the same way, parliamentary democracy originated as a popular check on the absolute rule of the monarch but has since been turned into a sanctioning mechanism for expanding State power.

The most ambitious attempt in history to impose limits on the State was the uS Constitution and Bill of Rights. These written limits were supposed to be interpreted by a judiciary independent of the other branches. But in the end, the State’s own judicial monopoly has extensively broadened State power. The State was able to transform judicial review from a limiting device into a powerful instrument for establishing legitimacy.

Professor Charles Black pointed out that “what is needed to establish ‘legitimacy’ of government is a method by which the government can assure the public that its expanding powers are indeed ‘constitutional.’ And this has been the major historic function of judicial review …The supreme risk [to the government] is that of disaffection and a feeling of outrage widely disseminated throughout the population, and loss of moral authority…This danger is averted by the State’s propounding the doctrine that some single agency must have the ultimate decision on constitutionality, and that this agency must be part of the federal government itself.”

In short, the judiciary is part and parcel of the government apparatus (being appointed by the executive and legislative branches). Thus, the government has set itself up as a judge in its own case—a serious violation of basic juridical principle.

Apply this view of the Supreme Court to the New Deal. The Supreme Court, without a single change in the law, “placed the affirmative stamp of legitimacy on the New Deal, and on the whole new conception of government in America.” As a result, “there is no longer any significant or dangerous public doubt as to the constitutional power of Congress to deal as it does with the national economy.”

The Constitution has not limited government. To the contrary, it has been an instrument for ratifying the expansion of State power. Calhoun saw it clearly—“any written limits that leave it to government to interpret its own powers are bound to be interpreted as sanctions for expanding and not binding those powers.” The libertarian solution is to abolish such a monopoly government completely.

It is an instructive exercise to suppose we are starting our society from scratch and begin with a debate on how protection (police and judicial services) will be provided. Some suggest that we give all of our weapons to Joe Jones and let him, and his family, decide all disputes among us and protect us all aggression or fraud. The Joneses would have all the power to make ultimate decisions and we would allow them to obtain their income by using their weapons and by exacting as much revenue by coercion as they desire. It is starkly evident that there is no way we can protect ourselves from the Joneses. And Rothbard concludes: “It is only because we have become accustomed over thousands of years to the existence of the State that we now give precisely this kind of absurd answer to the problem of social protection and defense.”

To be continued

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The Essence of Liberty: Volume I: Liberty and History: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Experiment with Constitutionally Limited Government (Liberty and ... Limited Government) (Volume 1)  The Essence of Liberty: Volume II: The Economics of Liberty (Volume 2) The Essence of Liberty: Volume III: A Universal Philosophy of Political Economy (Liberty: A Universal Political Ethic) (Volume 3) Environmental & Natural Resource Economics: The Austrian View  

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The Essence of Liberty Volume I: Liberty and History chronicles the rise and fall of the noble experiment with constitutionally limited government. It features the ideas and opinions of some of the world’s foremost contemporary constitutional scholars. This is history that you were not taught at the mandatory government propaganda camps otherwise known as “public schools.” You will gain a clear understanding of how America’s decline and decay is really nothing new and how it began almost immediately with the constitution. Available in both paperback and Kindle versions.

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After The Police Are Dismantled, Will Private Security Services Save the Day?

Like all government “services,” policing is financed through compulsory taxation backed by the threat of force. The moral and logical implications of this should be obvious, … when only one side of a transaction is voluntary.

There is absolutely NOTHING that government does that a private property-natural law based for profit free market society can not do better. And that includes protective and adjudicative services. — jtl, 419

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There is absolutely NOTHING that government does that a private property-natural law based for profit free market society can not do better. And that includes protective and adjudicative services. — jtl, 419

Will Minneapolis be safer after its police force is disbanded? Only if the city follows a libertarian approach will the people be guaranteed greater protection for themselves and their property. All other methods jeopardize resistance to a police state.

A veto-proof majority of the Minneapolis City Council…

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